1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 6.4
- Vendor: Medtronic
- Equipment: MyCareLink Patient Monitor
- Vulnerabilities: Use of Hard-coded Password, Exposed Dangerous Method or Function
2. RISK EVALUATION
exploited, these vulnerabilities may allow privileged access to the
monitor’s operating system. However, physical access to the MyCareLink
monitor is required. Additionally, these vulnerabilities may allow a
MyCareLink monitor, when operated within close physical proximity of an
implantable cardiac device, to read and write arbitrary memory values of
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following MyCareLink Monitors are affected:
- 24950 MyCareLink Monitor, all versions,
- 24952 MyCareLink Monitor, all versions.
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
3.2.1 USE OF HARD-CODED PASSWORD CWE-259
affected product contains a hard-coded operating system password. An
attacker with physical access can remove the case of the device, connect
to the debug port, and use the password to gain privileged access to
the operating system
CVE-2018-8870 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.4 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:P/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).
3.2.2 EXPOSED DANGEROUS METHOD OR FUNCTION CWE-749
affected product contains debug code meant to test the functionality of
the monitor’s communication interfaces, including the interface between
the monitor and implantable cardiac device. An attacker with physical
access to the device can apply the other vulnerabilities within this
advisory to access this debug functionality.
functionality provides the ability to read and write arbitrary memory
values to implantable cardiac devices via inductive or short range
wireless protocols. An attacker with close physical proximity to a
target implantable cardiac device can use this debug functionality.
CVE-2018-8868 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.2 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:P/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:L/A:L).
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Healthcare and Public Health
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Dublin, Ireland
Peter Morgan of Clever Security reported these vulnerabilities to NCCIC.
will release several rolling over-the-air product updates that will
mitigate the vulnerabilities described within this advisory. These
updates will be applied to devices automatically as part of standard,
reoccurring update processes. In addition, Medtronic has increased
security monitoring of affected devices and related infrastructure.
recommends users take additional defensive measures to minimize the
risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users
- Maintain good physical controls over the home monitor as the best mitigation to these vulnerabilities.
use home monitors obtained directly from their healthcare provider or a
Medtronic representative to ensure integrity of the system.
- Report any concerning behavior regarding their home monitor to their healthcare provider or a Medtronic representative.
Medtronic has released additional patient focused information, at the following location:
recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of
exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private
Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and
should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize
that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their
established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for
tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public
exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. These
vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely. High skill level is needed
For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at: